This page provides help with the citation styles most commonly used at Langara College. If you are not sure which style to use for your assignment, consult your instructor.
Remember, no matter what style you use, a proper citation includes two components:
- In-Text References: used to identify the source of your information within the text of the paper. The titles indicated in your in-text references must be fully documented on your References, Works Cited, Footnotes, or Endnotes.
- References, Works Cited or Bibliography page: a list of all the works you have consulted, including sources accessed from the Internet.
New! Get a link to our style guides on your mobile device. Text one of the codes below to 604.670.6866.
APA style is primarily used in the Social Sciences (Psychology, Sociology, etc.). It is also the required style for Langara Nursing students.
- Citing Your Sources: APA Style (pdf version)
Guide from Langara Library.
- Academic Writer (formerly called APA Style Central)
Combines sophisticated tools to support writing and citing in APA style. From the American Psychological Association.
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
The official guide to the APA citation style. Print copies are available at Langara Library.
- OWL (Purdue) - APA Formatting and Style Guide
Guidelines on documenting sources with the APA citation style, 6th ed. Provides examples of in-text references, reference list, and a sample paper documented in APA style.
- Citing in APA Style: Brief Guide for Nursing & Health Sciences (pdf, 6 pages)
Examples of references and in-text references, from Langara Library.
MLA style is mostly used in the humanities, in disciplines such as English and Art History.
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
The official guide to the MLA citation style. Print copies are available at Langara Library.
- Art History - Citing Your Sources in MLA and Chicago (pdf)
Includes examples for citing images and exhibitions
- OWL (Purdue) - MLA Formatting and Style Guide
Guidelines on documenting sources with the MLA citation style, 8th ed. Provides examples of in-text references, works cited, and a sample paper documented in MLA style.
Chicago style is mostly used by the Langara School of Management and the History, Latin American Studies, and Political Science departments.
Citing Your Sources: Chicago Style for Langara School of Management (pdf version)
Guide from Langara Library.
- Citing Your Sources: Chicago Style for the Humanities (pdf version)
Guide from Langara Library
Guidelines for Academic Essays: Department of History/Latin/Political Science, Langara College (pdf)
Based on Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition. Outlines what plagiarism is, the main parts of an academic essay, formatting, style and mechanics, quoting and paraphrasing, the basics of how to cite, and a referral for more citation examples to the the site Research and Documentation Online: Chicago (see below).
Print copies are also available at Langara Library.
- Langara Classical Studies: Sample Notes and Bibliography Entries (pdf)
A guide from Langara Library
Chicago Manual of Style Online
Provides searchable online access to the 17th (2017) and 16th (2010) editions of the standard style manual. Also includes Citation Quick Guide, and Chicago Style Q&A (editors' answers to questions submitted by readers, updated monthly).
Print copies are available at Langara Library.
- OWL (Purdue) - Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition
Guidelines on documenting sources with the Chicago citation style. Provides examples of footnotes/endnotes, bibliography, and a sample paper documented in Chicago style.
- Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide
From "The Chicago Manual of Style Online"
An annotated bibliography is a list of sources that you have consulted in your research and includes additional descriptive comments, such as a summary or evaluation of the source.
How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
Provides examples and a suggested writing process. From Cornell University Library.
Writing an Annotated Bibliography
Provides numerous tips on selecting sources and writing annotations. From the University of Toronto.
An abstract is a brief summary (100-250 words) that presents an overview of your report.
- Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
Information on conducting research and evaluating resources, examples of documenting your sources in APA, MLA and Chicago styles, and examples of writing in different disciplines.
- Harvard Writing Guides
Free, online guides to writing papers in different academic disciplines, including: psychology, art history, social anthropology, east asian studies, life sciences, philosophy, religious studies, economics, history, history and literature, sociology, government, social studies, and women's studies.
- Reading, Writing and Researching for History: a guide for college students (pdf)
Comprehensive guide from Bowdoin College.